Torah means instruction, teaching, usually referring to the first five books of the Scriptures. Torah also refers to expressions like “command,” “law,” “word,” “right-rulings,” “statutes,” etc. and are used in the singular or plural.
These relate to a properly constituted society, such as that under Mosheh or the sovereigns of Yisra’el.
English versions do not distinguish between “Torah” and “law.” Sha’ul often referred to “law” as Rabbinic/Pharisaical law.
Quote from the Institute for Scripture Research: “As such, laws which clearly apply within a civil or national context are not to be misapplied by individuals living in a society that is not totally subject to the Torah as its constitution and legal code.”
For example, you may “NOT” decide to stone someone to death for violating the Sabbath. That decision must come from a judge within the framework of a Torah-based nation.
Although these laws are still applicable the context in which they are to be applied is lacking at present. They can only be applied when a Torah-true nation comes into existence, such as when Messiah returns to set up His reign. Yisra’el was still a Torah based nation when Psalms was written.
Psalm 119:1-2: “Blessed are the perfect in the way, who walk in the ‘Torah of Yahuah’! Blessed are those who observe His witnesses, who seek Him with all the heart!”
43-44: “… do not take away from my mouth ‘the word of truth’ entirely, for I have waited for ‘Your right-rulings’; that I might ‘guard your ‘Torah’ continually, FOREVER AND EVER.”
We are not a Torah-based nation but as individuals who love Messiah we can choose to observe and love His Torah. Only the Torah-observant can look forward to His return when He will set up His reign.